Disorder related to genetic values are either known to be hereditary or formed with the collective product of transformation. Different range of disorders combined together helps as an advantage to the individual in rarest of the conditions; in the article, we will discuss genetic terms such as Gene, Genotype, Phenotype, Chromosome and their connection with the theory of genetic disorder.
What is Genetics?
In simple and non-technical words, one can define the theory of Genetics as the study of genes- the whole theory is based on the fact what genes, what exactly they do and how they develop over the years on the motherland known as Earth. Genes are located inside the nucleus of every individual cell and are strung together in such a manner that carries information related to generation to generation. In addition to the above-mentioned information, the study of Genetics is extensive to the study of how genes are turned on and off and what the substances that a cell is formed.
Terms related to Genetics
Gene: Gene can be classified as a small subdivision of DNA that helps in the production of specific protein. Genes are located on Chromosomes and are important terms part of the study of Genetics.
Chromosomes: Chromosomes are packages available in very tiny packages and contain one DNA molecule with associative proteins. Humans have 46 pairs of such Chromosomes.
Phenotype: The composite part of DNA that contains the observable quality or traits such as morphology, development and physiochemical properties. The theory of genotype and phenotype distinction was proposed by the collective study of Wilhelm Johannsen in the year 1911. The theory of the Phenotype and Genotype was based on the fact that there is a great difference between organism’s heredity and their production.